Jalgaon District is located in the north-west region of the state of Maharashtra. It is bounded by Satpuda mountain ranges in the north, Ajanta mountain ranges in the south. Jalgaon is rich in volcanic soil which is well suited for cotton production. It is a major business center for tea, gold, pulses, cotton and bananas. Languages spoken are Marathi, Ahirani, Hindi, and English. Jalgaon District receives an average rainfall of about 690 mm and the temperature varies from 10 to 48 degree Celsius.Jalgaon has got pretty diverse climate. It is exceptionally hot and dry during summer with temperature reaching as high as 45 degrees Celsius. Jalgaon receives about 700 mm rainfall during monsoons, which is followed by pleasant temperature in winter.The principal natural feature is the Tapti River. Unlike the rest of the Deccan, whose rivers rise in the Western Ghats and flow eastward to the Bay of Bengal, the Tapti flows westward from headwaters in eastern Maharashtra to empty into the Arabian Sea. The Tapti receives thirteen principal tributaries in its course through Kandesh. None of the rivers is navigable, and the Tapti flows in a deep bed which historically made it difficult to use for irrigation. Most of Kandesh lies south of the Tapti, and is drained by its tributaries the Girna, Bori and Panjhra.
Important Statistical Information (as per Census 2011)
Number of Villages:1,513
Number of Towns:20
Area (in sq Km.):11765
Geographical location :Between 20° and 21° North latitudes and 74° 55′ to 76° 28′ East longitudes, in the northern part of the state.Jalgaon City located at Longitude 75.5626039 and Latitude 21.0076578.
Adjoining districts:North: Satpuda Hills, South: Aurangabad and Nashik, East: Madhya Pradesh and Buldhana, West: Dhule
Major urban centers :Jalgaon, Bhusawal, Kandari, Varangaon, Nimbore Bk., Fekari, Chopda, Pachora, Chalisgaon, Amalner, Yawal, Faizpur, Raver, Savada, Parola, Erandol, Dharangaon.
Major crops:Banana, Wheat, millet, lime, groundnut, cotton, sugarcane
Major rivers :Tapi, Girna, Waghur.
Water Supply Resources: Girna Dam (Tal.: Nandgaon District Nashik), Hatnur Dam (Tal: Bhusawal), Manyad (Tal: Chalisgaon), Bori (Tal: Parola), Bhokarbari (Tal: Parola), Suki (Tal: Raver), Abhora (Tal: Raver), Hivra (Tal: Pachora), Agnavati (Tal: Pachora), Tondapur (Tal: Jamner), Mangrul (Tal: Raver), Bahula (Tal: Pachora)
Max temp : 48.0°C,Min temp : 10.3°C ,Average rainfall :690.2 mm.
Language : Marathi is the local language. People speak Hindi in the areas bordering Madhya Pradesh.
Food :The staple food of the people is millets, wheat and rice.
Fairs and festivals :Four main fairs are held in the district which attract a number of devotees not only from within the district but also from the rest of the state. These are: the Shri Rama Rathotsava fair at Jalgaon town, held during the Hindu month of Kartik; the Navaratri-Mahalaxmi fair at Jalgaon town during Navaratri,Changdeo fair at the Changdeo temple located about 6 kms northwest of Muktainagar, and the Mukatabai fair held again in Magha at Kothali, in Muktainagar tehsil.
Religious places : Changdev, Amalner, Atraval, Chorwad, Chandsani, Padmalaya, Raver, Patnadevi, Kapilleshwar.
History : Much of the early history of Jalgaon district is obscure. It was part of a region known as Rasika in ancient times, and after the region came under the rule of the Farqui Kings, it came to be called Khandesh. The Vakatakas, the Nizam of Hyderabad, and subsequently the Marathas ruled the region. In 1906 when Khandesh was divided, east Khandesh became present-day Jalgaon. In 1956 with the reorganization of states, it was included in Bombay state, and with the formation of Maharashtra in 1960, Jalgaon became a district of the state.
Languages/Dialects :Marathi and Ahirani