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District At A Glance

Brief information about Jalgaon district : Jalgaon District is located in the north-west region of the state of Maharashtra. It is bounded by Satpuda mountain ranges in the north, Ajanta mountain ranges in the south. Jalgaon is rich in volcanic soil which is well suited for cotton production. It is a major business centre for tea, gold, pulses, cotton and bananas. Languages spoken are Marathi, Ahirani, Hindi, and English. Jalgaon District receives an average rainfall of about 690 mm and the temperature varies from 10 to 48 degree Celsius.

Jalgaon has got pretty diverse climate. It is exceptionally hot and dry during summer with temperature reaching as high as 45 degrees Celsius. Jalgaon receives about 700 mm rainfall during monsoons, which is followed by pleasant temperature in winter.

The principal natural feature is the Tapti River. Unlike the rest of the Deccan, whose rivers rise in the Western Ghats and flow eastward to the Bay of Bengal, the Tapti flows westward from headwaters in eastern Maharashtra to empty into the Arabian Sea. The Tapti receives thirteen principal tributaries in its course through Kandesh. None of the rivers is navigable, and the Tapti flows in a deep bed which historically made it difficult to use for irrigation. Most of Kandesh lies south of the Tapti, and is drained by its tributaries the Girna, Bori and Panjhra. The alluvial plain north of the Tapti contains some of the richest tracts in Kandesh, and the land rises towards the Satpuda hills. In the centre and east the country is level, save for some low ranges of barren hills. To the north and west, the plain rises into rugged hills, thickly wooded, and inhabited by the tribal Bhil people.

It hosts a population of about 4 million in an area of about 11,700 sq km. It is abounded by many religious places and cultural establishments. The major tourist attractions are Pal hill station at Raver, Patnadevi temple at chalisgaon confluence of Tapi and Purna rivers and hot water springs at Unapdev in Chopda Taluka.

The World famous Heritage site Ajanta Caves is near to Jalgaon (50 kms) making it as one of major International Tourist hub.   The District has excellent rail and road connectivity and is a central destination to reach out to major places in India.

Jalgaon Market is mainly known for Gold, Pulses, Wholesale Tea, Agriculture, Grains Trading. Banana and cotton are Jalgaon's main crops. Jalgaon district is known for its advances in horticulture. Its production of bananas and cotton, especially by resorting to drip irrigation, has created a role model for cultivators in other parts of India. Bananas grown in the district are exported outside the State and to other countries. Jalgaon is largest banana growing district in India.

Jalgaon is also growing up as a premier educational place with many colleges in the field of engineering and computer science. Modern Jalgaon is now boasts of vast industrial area, educational institutes and good hospitals. The city is well developed with good roads, shopping centres, residential areas, with good infrastructure in communication and transport.
District at a glance
Jalgaon
Population (2001 census):
3,679,936
Literacy rate (2001)
76.06%
Getting there
Air
Nearest airport is at Aurangabad (151 km); Airports at Pune (377 km) and Mumbai (425 km) are other nearby ones.
Rail
Connected by rail, with a station at Jalgaon (important broad gauge route and a narrow gauge line). Connected to Mumbai, Delhi, Chennai, Calcutta, Surat too by rail.
Road
State highways and roads link district headquarters at Jalgaon to all 15 tahsils and towns. National highway (No 6) passes through Jalgaon.
Physical
Geographical location
Between 20° and 21° North latitudes and 74° 55' to 76° 28' East longitudes, in the northern part of the state.
Area
11,765 sq km  (Jalgaon City: 68.78 Sq.km)
Adjoining districts
North: Satpuda Hills, South: Aurangabad and Nashik, East: Madhya Pradesh and Buldhana, West: Dhule
Major urban centres
Jalgaon, Bhusawal, Kandari, Varangaon, Nimbore Bk., Fekari, Chopda, Pachora, Chalisgaon, Amalner, Yawal, Faizpur, Raver, Savada, Parola, Erandol, Dharangaon
Major crops
Banana, Wheat, millet, lime, groundnut, cotton, sugarcane
Major rivers
Tapi, Girna, Waghur,
Water Supply Resources
Girna Dam (Tal.: Nandgaon District Nashik), Hatnur Dam (Tal: Bhusawal), Manyad (Tal: Chalisgaon), Bori (Tal: Parola), Bhokarbari (Tal: Parola), Suki (Tal: Raver), Abhora (Tal: Raver), Hivra (Tal: Pachora), Agnavati (Tal: Pachora), Tondapur (Tal: Jamner), Mangrul (Tal: Raver), Bahula (Tal: Pachora)
Total no. of tahsils
15 tahsils (Jalgaon, Jamner, Erandol, Dharangaon, Bhusawal, Bodwad, Yawal, Raver, Muktainagar, Amalner, Chopda, Parola, Pachora, Chalisgaon, Bhadgaon)
Demography (2001 census)
Population:
3,679,936
Density of population (persons/sq km):
313
Men
1,904,437
Women
1,775,499
Total Urban population
2,627,315
Total Rural population
1,052,621
% of Scheduled Castes
7.79%
% of Scheduled tribes
11.84%
Sex ratio (females/1000 males)
932
Climate
Max temp in °C:
48.0°C
Min temp in °C:
10.3°C
Average rainfall in mm:
690.2 mm
Economy
Industries
Silk, sugar industries, vegetable oil, cotton ginning and pressing, irrigation, instruments, pipes, clothing, cement, defence etc.
Industrial centres
Jalgaon, Chalisgaon, Amalner, Pimprale, Varangaon, Pachora, Bhusawal.
Main markets
Jalgaon, Bhusawal, Amalner, Chalisgaon, Chopda, Pachora.
Main banking centres
Jalgaon, Yawal, Bhusawal, Jamner, Chalisgaon, Erandol, Amalner Raver, Pachora. Main bank: State Bank of India
 
Disaster vulnerability
Flood
No
Earthquake
No
Cyclone
no
Drought
No
Medical facilities
Hospitals:
Hospitals- 45 Ambulances, 16 (government), 11 (private)
Health facilities
The district has a network of government-run health facilities consisting of the district hospital. Rural hospitals primary health centres, sub-centres and dispensaries provide basic healthcare to the rural population.  Total 76 PHCs.
Blood banks
1 (private), 1 (government)
Culture
Language
Marathi is the local language. People speak Hindi in the areas bordering Madhya Pradesh
Food
The staple food of the people is millets, wheat and rice.
Transportation and communication
Post and telegraph services
1,741 post offices, 249 telegraph offices
State highways passing through the district and road services
Major national and state highways pass through the district. The national highway NH6 that pass through Jalgaon are(140Km): Surat--Dhule--Edlabad-Nagpur road and the Surat--Dhule--Bhusawal-Nagpur road. Important state highways are: Chalisgaon-Nandgaon road No 5; Malegaon--Chalisgaon--Pachora--Nagpur road No 18; Dhule--Chalisgaon road No 22; Amalner--Parola--Bhadgaon road No 24; Ankaleshwar--Shahad-Bharhanpur road No 23; Dhule-Amalner--Chopda road No 24 A; Bhusawal--Jamner--Fattepur-Dhamangaon road No 25 A and Bhusawal--Yawal road No 25.
Important railway stations and railway services
Jalgaon is a railway junction connected to Mumbai, New Delhi, Kolkata, Nagpur and Allahabad, Chennai etc. Bhusawal is a big junction in Jalgaon district.
Culture and Religion
Fairs and festivals
Four main fairs are held in the district which attract a number of devotees not only from within the district but also from the rest of the state. These are: the Shri Rama Rathotsava fair at Jalgaon town, held during the Hindu month of Kartik; the Navaratri-Mahalaxmi fair at Jalgaon town during Navaratri (October-November); Changdeo fair at the Changdeo temple located about 6 kms northwest of Edlabad, and the Mukatabai fair held again in Magha at Kothali, in Edlabad tehsil.
Religious places
Changdev, Amalner, Atraval, Chorwad, Chandsani, Padmalaya, Raver, Patnadevi, Kapilleshwar
History
Much of the early history of Jalgaon district is obscure. It was part of a region known as Rasika in ancient times, and after the region came under the rule of the Farqui Kings, it came to be called Khandesh. The Vakatakas, the Nizam of Hyderabad, and subsequently the Marathas ruled the region. In 1906 when Khandesh was divided, east Khandesh became present-day Jalgaon. In 1956 with the reorganisation of states, it was included in Bombay state, and with the formation of Maharashtra in 1960, Jalgaon became a district of the state.
Languages/Dialects
Ahirani, Marathi
Education
University
North Maharashtra University, Bambhori, Jalgaon (http://www.nmu.ac.in)
Primary Schools
2456
Secondary Schools
752
Higher Secondary Schools
93
Colleges
35
Industrial Training Institutes
19
Engineering Colleges
7
Agricultural Colleges
11
Industries
Major Industries
Raymond, Marico, Jain Pipes, VIP, Supreme pipes, Orient Cement, Nilons, Wipro FMCG, Kwality Ice Cream
Industry types
Rubber, Plastic, Petroleum and Coal Products; Chemical and Chemical Products; Repair Services; Non-Metallic Mineral Products; Basic Metals and Alloys Industries; Metal Products and Parts; Transport Equipments and Parts; Gold & Silver ; Tea ; Pulses ; Food Products.
No. of Units
Big-63
Medium-128
Small-3303